Mr Mitja Hegler
T: +386 1 479 65 91
Mine/ERW contamination in Tajikistan is the consequence of different conflicts. Tajikistan’s border with Afghanistan was mined by Russian forces in 1992–1998; the border with Uzbekistan was mined by Uzbek forces in 2000–2001; and the central region of Tajikistan was contaminated as a result of the 1992–1997 civil war.
The estimation of the size of contaminated land has fluctuated over the past 10 years. According to a Mine Ban Treaty Article 5 progress report, delivered by Tajikistan at the Mine Ban Treaty Third Review Conference, as at 1 January 2014, total remaining contamination was 13.08km2, although it was unclear if this included battle area
Tajikistan Mine Action Centre (TMAC) registered 851 mine/ERW casualties for the period from 1992 to the end of 2014, out which 369 were killed and 482 injured in need of continuous and life-long rehabilitation treatment. Continued achievements in improving accessibility and effectiveness of most victim assistance services are reported by Tajikistan, despite limited and irregular international funding for projects. Many services are only available in the capital; however, the majority of mine/ERW survivors continued to live in remote villages and had difficulty accessing services in Dushanbe.
Although there is no official statistics available, Tajikistan has large amount of surplus and obsolete ammunition that together with weak storage conditions poses serious threat to human security. There was at least 1 unplanned explosion at munitions sites in Tajikistan in period from January 1998 till today.
What we do
The exposure within the Central Asian region, including Afghanistan, to explosive hazards is acknowledged. This continued threat fosters various negative implications, from safety, security, humanitarian development and impacts on confidence and security building processes.
Thus, ITF is since 2009 supporting the Central Asia states in addressing the concerns and challenges stemming from explosive hazards (EH) through regional technical cooperation in which initiative Tajikistan is actively engaged.